Laparoscopic Sterilization of the African Lioness (Panthera leo)

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ObjectiveTo describe laparoscopic ovariectomy and salpingectomy in the African lioness (Panthera leo).Study DesignDescriptive clinical study.AnimalsFemale lions (n = 16).MethodsLionesses were randomly divided into 2 groups: O = ovariectomy (n = 8) and S = salpingectomy (n = 8) for laparoscopic surgery. Two Veress needle placement techniques were used.ResultsLaparoscopic ovariectomy and salpingectomy were performed without complications. The poorly developed mesosalpinx and ovarian bursa rendered the uterine tube more accessible for salpingectomy compared to the dog making the procedure easier in the lioness. Similarly, salpingectomy is a relatively easier procedure compared with ovariectomy especially when the modified Hasson technique for Veress needle placement is used.ConclusionsLaparoscopic ovariectomy and salpingectomy can be safely performed in the African lioness.

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