Comparison of the biomechanical properties of a ventral cervical intervertebral anchored fusion device with locking plate fixation applied to cadaveric canine cervical spines


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Abstract

Objective:To evaluate fixation properties of a new intervertebral anchored fusion device and compare these with ventral locking plate fixation.Study Design:In vitro biomechanical evaluation.Animals:Cadaveric canine C4–C7 cervical spines (n = 9).Methods:Cervical spines were nondestructively loaded with pure moments in a nonconstraining testing apparatus to induce flexion/extension while angular motion was measured. Range of motion (ROM) and neutral zone (NZ) were calculated for (1) intact specimens, (2) specimens after discectomy and fixation with a purpose-built intervertebral fusion cage with integrated ventral fixation, and (3) after removal of the device and fixation with a ventral locking plate.Results:Both fixation techniques resulted in a decrease in ROM and NZ (P < .001) compared with the intact segments. There were no significant differences between the anchored spacer and locking plate fixation.Conclusion:An anchored spacer appears to provide similar biomechanical stability to that of locking plate fixation.

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