AnEx VivoModel to Evaluate the Effect of Cyclical Adductory Forces on Maintenance of Arytenoid Abduction After Prosthetic Laryngoplasty Performed With and Without Mechanical Arytenoid Abduction

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Abstract

Objectives:

To (1) develop a model of cyclical adduction force on an abducted left arytenoid cartilage that mimics swallowing or coughing; (2) determine if arytenoid abduction by a clamp before knot tying will improve the maintenance of abduction under cyclical adduction testing.

Study Design:

Experimental.

Sample Population:

Cadaveric equine larynges (n = 14).

Methods:

Left laryngoplasty performed using a single suture of #5 Ethibond with (n = 7) and without (n = 7) abducting the arytenoid with a clamp before knot tying. Each laryngoplasty was loaded cyclically from 2 to 26 N at 0.5 Hz for 5000 cycles in a servohydraulic test frame. Arytenoid displacement data were collected at 1 Hz intervals and median percent loss of abduction compared between groups. Significance was set at P < .05.

Results:

Median left arytenoid abduction distance was 16.9 mm (range, 9.8–19.8 mm). One larynx in each group failed at <1000 cycles. Loss of abduction was determined by progressive displacement of the testing actuator and confirmed by measurement. There was no difference in loss of abduction between clamped and non-clamped larynges after 5000 cycles. This model of cyclical adduction resulted in arytenoid displacements similar to those seen in the 1st week postoperatively.

Conclusions:

Ex vivo cyclical adductory forces produced a significant loss of laryngoplasty abduction. The use of a clamp to abduct the arytenoid cartilage before knot tying did not reduce the loss of abduction.

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