A simple and efficient method for agroinfection ofVernonia cinereawith infectious clones ofVernonia yellow vein virus

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Vernonia yellow vein virus (VeYVV) is a distinct monopartite begomovirus associated with a satellite DNA β. After constructing dimers of both DNA A and DNA β in binary vectors, a number of infection methods were attempted. However, only a modified stem-prick method produced up to 83% infection in the natural host Vernonia cinerea, thus, fulfilling the Koch's postulate. The presence of the viral DNA in the agroinfected plants was confirmed by rolling circle amplification (RCA), followed by Southern hybridization. DNA β induces typical symptoms of Vernonia yellow vein disease (VeYVD) when co-agroinoculated with the begomovirus to Vernonia and also leads to the accumulation of DNA A systemically. VeYVV represents a new member of the emerging group of monopartite begomoviruses requiring a satellite component for symptom induction.

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