★ Attentional tracking load modulated activation in a network of regions excluding V1. ★ MT+ was less active during tracking with either eye in the amblyopic group relative to controls. ★ Subtle group differences were found in tracking activation in anterior IPS and frontal eye fields.
Deficits in multiple-object tracking have previously been reported in both the amblyopic and the clinically unaffected fellow eye of patients with amblyopia. We examined the neural correlates of this deficit using functional MRI. Attentive tracking of 1, 2 or 4 moving targets was compared to passive viewing and to baseline fixation in an amblyopic group and an age-matched control group in six regions of interest: V1, middle temporal complex (MT+), superior parietal lobule (SPL), frontal eye fields (FEF), anterior intraparietal sulcus (IPS), and posterior IPS. Activation in all regions of interest, except V1, increased with attentional load in both groups. MT+ was less active in both eyes of the amblyopic group relative to controls for passive viewing and each of the tracking conditions. Anterior IPS and FEF were less active with amblyopic eye viewing when tracking four targets. These results implicate both the low-level passive and high-level active motion systems in the multiple-object tracking deficit in amblyopia.