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We studied the effect of α- and β-cyclodextrins on in vitro rooting of jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis (Link) Schn.) shoots. When 0.03-0.5 mM of cyclodextrins were added to modified Murashige and Skoog culture medium containing 0.015 mM of indolebutyric acid as 1-wk pulse treatment, rooting percentage increased by approximately 100% with respect to controls. Addition of cyclodextrins induced earlier rooting. An increase in rooting following treatment with cyclodextrins was also observed in the absence of indolebutyric acid, indicating that both compounds promote rooting per se.