Characterization of a novel cysteine peptidase from tissue culture of garlic (Allium sativumL.)

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SummaryA simple and efficient medium for callus tissue culture from garlic to obtain maximal proteolytic activity is described. Murashige and Skoog basal medium supplemented with 4.44 μM naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and 0.54 μM benzyladenine (BA) resulted in the best biomass production and protease expression. The protease activity belongs to the class of cysteine proteases since they are inhibited by E64 and Leupeptin and also they are activated by 2-mercaptoethanol and cysteine. They showed good thermal stability. Three active protease bands were found in zymograms of Allium sativum. The in vitro system revealed a significantly higher protease level than storage and embryo tissues of in vivo bulbs.

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