Multiple shoot formation and plant regeneration from stem nodal explants ofPaphiopedilumorchids

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SummaryStem nodal explants of Paphiopedilum philippinense hybrids (hybrid PH59 and PH60) directly formed shoots when cultured on a modified half-strength Murashige and Skoog (1962) basal medium supplemented with a combination of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D: 4.52 and 45.25 μM) and 1-phenyl-3-(1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-yl)-urea (TDZ; 0.45 and 4.54 μM) for 6 mo. On hormone-free basal medium, the percentages of explants with shoots were 33.3% and 0% and the shoot numbers per explant were 1 and 0 in hybrid PH59 and hybrid PH60, respectively. In hybrid PH59, 4.52 μM 2,4-D plus 0.45μM TDZ induced a higher percentage of explants with shoots and shoot number per explant than did the hormone-free treatment. In hybrid PH60, although 4.52 μM 2,4-D and 0.45 μM TDZ promoted shoot formation, the highest shoot number was found with 4.52 μM 2,4-D alone. Plantlets, each having several roots, were obtained from regenerated shoots after transferring onto hormone-free basal medium for 3 mo. The plantlets were potted in sphagnum moss, and acclimatized well in a greenhouse.

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