EfficientAgrobacterium-mediated transformation ofVigna mungousing immature cotyledonary-node explants and phosphinothricin as the selection agent

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Herbicide (Basta®)-tolerant Vigna mungo L. Hepper plants were produced using cotyledonary-node and shoot-tip explants from seedlings germinated in vitro from immature seeds. In vitro selection was performed with phosphinothricin as the selection agent. Explants were inoculated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain LBA4404 (harboring the binary vector pME 524 carrying the nptII, bar, and uidA genes) in the presence of acetosyringone. Shoot regeneration occurred for 6 wk on regeneration medium (MS medium with 4.44 μM benzyl adenine, 0.91 μM thidiazuron, and 81.43 μM adenine sulfate) with 2.4 mg/l PPT, explants being transferred to fresh medium every 14 d. After a period on elongation medium (MS medium with 2.89 μM gibberellic acid and 2.4 mg/l PPT), β-glucuronidase-expressing putative transformants were rooted in MS medium with 7.36 μM indolyl butyric acid and 2.4 mg/l PPT. β-Glucuronidase expression was observed in the primary transformants (T0) and in the seedlings of the T1 generation. Screening 128 GUS-expressing, cotyledonary-node-derived, acclimatized plants by spraying the herbicide Basta® at 0.1 mg/l eliminated nonherbicide-resistant plants. Southern hybridization analysis confirmed the transgenic nature of the herbicide-resistant plants. All the transformed plants were fertile, and the transgene was inherited by Mendelian genetics. Immature cotyledonary-node explants produced a higher frequency of transformed plants (7.6%) than shoot-tip explants (2.6%).

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