Scalable Parallel Memory Architectures for Video Coding

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Current video compression standards, which process frames macroblock by macroblock, employ several processing functions to achieve the compression. These functions refer to data memory address space in different ways. E.g., performing motion estimation and motion compensation functions requires many times data accesses unaligned to word boundaries. On the other hand, Discrete Cosine Transformation (DCT) and inverse of it (IDCT) for 8 × 8 block can be performed first for rows and then for columns. Thus, transposition is needed between these two stages. Among other things, parallel memory architecture can provide a solution for these tasks. In our other paper, we shortly surveyed parallel memory architectures and proposed parallel memory architecture designs for different data path widths for video coding applications. In this paper, we construct video coding function examples by using the proposed parallel data memory efficiently. Furthermore, performance and implementation cost of the parallel memory architecture are estimated and compared to more conventional memory architectures. The examples are given for different data bus widths (16, 32, 64, and 128 bits). We show that the parallel memory can keep the data path fully utilized in many video coding function implementations. This ensures high-speed operation and full utilization of the processing resources.

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