Leucoreduction helps to preserve activity of antioxidant barrier enzymes in stored red blood cell concentrates

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Abstract

Background

Oxidoreductive imbalance is a major cause of excessive haemolysis in in vitro conditions. Leucocytes and blood platelets present in red blood cell concentrates (RBCs) are one of the sources of free radicals, which have a significant effect on the status of stored erythrocytes. The study objective was to assess the effect of leucoreduction on the intensity of lipid peroxidation and the activity of antioxidant barrier enzymes in RBC.

Study Design and Methods

Red blood cell concentrates units obtained from 10 whole-blood units were split into two equal units, one of which was leucoreduced on the day of donation. Both units were stored for 35 days. The following markers of oxidoreductive balance were measured on day 0 (donation day) and on storage days 7, 14, 21 and 35: concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) and activities of antioxidant barrier components, that is superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase.

Results

Lipid peroxidation in leucodepleted units (LRBC) was slower than that in non-leucodepleted ones. The analysis of LRBC revealed statistically significant decrease in concentrations of MDA. The activities of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase were higher throughout the storage period as compared to non-leucoreduced RBC. Statistically significant differences between RBC and LRBC units were noted throughout the storage in the activity of lactate dehydrogenase, and concentrations of K+ ions and free haemoglobin.

Conclusions

Leucoreduction of RBC before storage helps to preserve the activity of antioxidant barrier enzymes in stored RBCs and significantly improves the quality of stored red blood cell components.

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