THE APPLICATION OF STABLE ISOTOPES FOR ASSESSING THE HYDROLOGICAL, SULFUR, AND IRON BALANCES OF ACIDIC MINING LAKE ML 111 (LUSATIA, GERMANY) AS A BASIS FOR BIOTECHNOLOGICAL REMEDIATION


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Abstract

Stable isotope (δ18O―H2O, δ2H―H2O δ34S―SO42−) and hydrochemical data (SO42−, Fe-concentrations) have been used to estimate the annual groundwater inflow and outflow of mining lake ML 111 and to calculate the total amount of dissolved sulfate and iron that is carried into the lake by groundwater. The hydrological balance suggests an annual groundwater inflow of 23 700 m3 and an annual groundwater outflow of 15 700 m3. The calculation of the sulfur and iron balances yielded an annual sulfate input of 37 800 kg and an annual iron input of 7000 kg with the groundwater inflow. Furthermore it was shown that significant fluxes of these elements go into the lake sediments which results in continuous release of acidity in the lake water.

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