MODELLING PESTICIDE AND NUTRIENT TRANSPORT IN THE CAMERON HIGHLANDS, MALAYSIA AGRO-ECOSYSTEMS


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Abstract

Cameron Highlands has a long history of intensive horticulture especially vegetable and flower cultivation. This industry uses large amounts of nutrients and pesticides. Several simulation models were used to assess the movement of pesticides and nutrients in relation to agronomic practices in farm plots cultivated with cabbage and chrysanthemum. It was shown that most of the pesticides are absorbed by the topsoils which are enriched by organic fertiliser, and are not leached beyond the top 10 cm layer. Methamidophos, dazomet, cyromazine, triforine and NO3N were predicted to cause soil contamination. The application of high amounts of fertilisers can cause nitrate contamination to the groundwater in Cameron Highlands.

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