Humic (HA) and fulvic (FA) acids isolated from mangrove sediments of Sundarban, the largest delta on earth in the estuarine phase of the river Ganges, were studied and attempts were made to characterize their binding sites by quenching of Synchronous fluorescence (SyF) bands with Fe (III) and Cu (II). A modified Stern-Volmer relationship applicable for static quenching was applied for the determination of conditional stability constants and the data were compared with those determined by potentiometric titration. In the excited state HA and FA showed different acidity constant compared to the ground state. Values of the conditional stability constant (log Kc) for Fe (III) and Cu (II) indicated that binding sites were bidentate in nature. FA were better chelators than the HA fractions. High energy binding sites of both FA & HA were occupied by Fe(III) and the low energy binding sites, mainly responsible for mobilization and immobilization of metal, were occupied by Cu(II).