This cross-sectional survey details the incidence and predictors of self-reported back pain among farm women from southeastern Louisiana. The sample was obtained from a preexisting data set of a cross-sectional randomized sample of farm women who participated in the Louisiana Farm Family Injury Prevention and Health Initiative research project. The Haddon Injury Model was used as the conceptual framework. Approximately one fourth of the women in the sample reported back pain in the past year. The major findings from logistic regression analysis were that women reported back pain if they were hauling animals to market and had physical health conditions. Implications for nursing practice include assessing the risk of back pain among farm women and providing client education that includes the importance of compliance with recommended health screenings for early detection and treatment of physical health conditions associated with back pain.