Production and characterization of a highly active cellobiase from Aspergillus niger grown in solid state fermentation

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SummaryAspergillus niger produced extracellular cellobiase when grown on different lignocellulosic substrates in solid state fermentation. The enzyme activity and yield were variable according to the carbon source. In Vogel's medium, the cellobiase productivity was significantly higher on wheat bran, followed by Leptochloa fusca (kallar grass) straw augmented with corn steep liquor. Maximum yield of cellobiase/g wheat bran was significantly higher than the values reported on other potent fungi, bacteria and recombinants, harboring heterologous gene for cellobiase. This enzyme in the presence and absence of Trichoderma reesei and celluloclast, saccharified the biomass and the percentage saccharification as well as glucose yield from lignocellulosic biomass was doubled in its presence. The partially purified enzyme was thermotolerant as evidenced by melting temperature, activation energy demand for active catalysis, enthalpy and entropy of activation for reversible or irreversible thermal inactivation.

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