Studies on the efficiency of different extraction procedures on the anti microbial activity of selected medicinal plants

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Many doubts still persist even today when it comes to selection of the solvents for extracting the active constituents from various Indian medicinal plants. This study was aimed at assessing and establishing the best solvent for extracting the active constituents from 10 plant extracts. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) was used to separate and establish the active constituents present in each of the medicinal plants. Active constituents from each plant were extracted by using three different solvent systems namely diethyl ether, chloroform and hexane and were tested against three species of gram negative and three species of gram positive bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aureginosa, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Aeromonas hydrophila, Staphylococcus aereus, Bacillus cereus) by means of agar well diffusion assay. Studies on the antioxidant activity studies were also carried out for these plant extracts by using Diphenylpicryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) method. For the antimicrobial activity, the study revealed that among the selected plants, Azadiracta indica, Pongamia pinnata, Aloe barbadensis had the maximum antibacterial activity. Among the extraction procedures diethyl ether was found to be the best solvent that could be used for the extraction procedure. On the antioxidant activity part, Coleus amboinicus and Calotropis procera were found to have high antioxidant activity of 91.64% and 88.72% respectively and the further results are reported and discussed.

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