Racial Differences in Program Evaluation of a Lifestyle Physical Activity Randomized Controlled Trial

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare program evaluation responses between African American and Caucasian caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias who completed a lifestyle physical activity randomized controlled trial. The aim was to determine if African Americans evaluated the study differently than Caucasians. Family caregivers (N = 211) were randomly assigned to a 12-month physical activity intervention or a control condition. Upon intervention completion (n = 114), caregivers responded to an 11-item questionnaire using Likert-type scale responses and three open-ended questions about the overall intervention quality. Findings indicated that African American caregivers evaluated both conditions more favorably than Caucasian caregivers (p = .02). Content analysis of the narrative responses revealed five major qualitative themes: support, resources, responsibility, adjusting, and time. These findings suggest the value of both access to resources, and support for African American caregivers who participate in intervention research.

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