This cross-sectional study evaluated a convenience sample comprising 182 ovarian cancer survivors to identify symptom clusters according to the cancer survivorship stage and to determine their effects on quality of life using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life–C30 and –OV28 questionnaires. Factor and multiple regression analyses were performed to identify symptom clusters according to the cancer survivorship stage and the symptom clusters that affected the quality of life in each cancer survivorship stage, respectively. Participants in the acute, extended, and permanent survival stages accounted for 33%, 36.3%, and 30.7% of subjects, respectively. Overall, the most common symptom cluster was fatigue-diarrhea, and the symptom clusters affecting the quality of life differed according to the cancer survivorship stage. Thus, to improve the quality of life of ovarian cancer survivors, the main symptom clusters of each cancer survivorship stage must be identified, and management strategies for the related symptoms must be designed.