The Impact of Pediatric Pressure Injury Prevention Bundle on Pediatric Pressure Injury Rates: A Secondary Analysis

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Abstract

PURPOSE:

The primary aim of this study was to explore the relationship between a pediatric pressure injury prevention bundle (PPIPB) implemented by pediatric hospitals across the nation and pressure injury (PI) rates over a 6-year period. A secondary aim of this study was to identify whether any one risk factor addressed in the PPIPB had a greater effect on PI occurrences than any other factor.

DESIGN:

Nonexperimental, retrospective correlation analysis of secondary data.

SUBJECTS AND SETTING:

Analysis of data from 99 pediatric hospitals participating in the national initiative Solutions for Patient Safety (SPS).

METHODS:

Data were extracted from the SPS, an initiative designed to reduce PI rates in pediatric hospitals. We analyzed data related to nursing interventions implemented to ameliorate 5 factors associated with PI development. They were presence of medical devices, moisture, immobility, skin integrity, and absence of pressure redistribution with some support surfaces. Paired t test and correlation analysis were used to determine the relationship between the use of a PPIPB and PI incidence per 1000 patient-days.

RESULTS:

Findings indicated a 57% reduction in PI incidence when the PPIPB was used. A significant inverse relationship between the PPIPB and PI incidence was found. None of the 5 risk factors addressed by the PPIPB had a stronger correlation with PI occurrences than any other factor.

CONCLUSIONS:

Study findings strongly suggest the use of a PPIPB decreases PI incidence in pediatric hospitals and should be considered when implementing a PI prevention program.

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