Calciphylaxis: Case Presentation and Review of the Literature

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BACKGROUND:Calciphylaxis is a potentially life-threatening condition involving painful necrotic skin ulcerations, especially of the lower extremities. It is generally associated with chronic kidney failure but may be seen in nonuremic cases.CASE REPORT:We report a case of calciphylaxis in a 60-year-old man with diabetes on dialysis for end-stage renal disease and known to have other typical combination of risk factors associated with calciphylaxis syndrome. On examination, he presented with multiple intensely painful calciphylaxis wounds on his legs and ankles. Despite regular wound management of his condition in our ambulatory care setting, his ulcers deteriorated. The patient's pain also increased and he was referred for hospital admission.CONCLUSION:This case presentation emphasizes the importance of an interdisciplinary team in the treatment of the complex, life-threatening cutaneous manifestations of calciphylaxis. When indicated, prompt referral to a hospital setting is necessary for appropriate care.

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