Mineralization of 2-aminobenzenesulfonate by a bacterial consortium
A variety of environmental inocula were tested for the development of 2-aminobenzenesulfonate (2-ABS, Orthanilic acid) degrading bacterial enrichment. A bacterial consortium (BC), which could utilize 2-ABS as the sole carbon and energy source, could only be developed from the sludge derived from a wastewater treatment unit of a large chemical industry manufacturing nitro and aminoaromatics. BC consisted of two bacterial strains. Based on 16S rDNA sequence analysis, these strains were identified to be belonging to the genus, Acinetobacter and Flavobacterium. The consortium could degrade 1,000 mg l−1 2-ABS within 40 h. Evidence for the extensive mineralization of 2-ABS, during the growth of BC, was derived from U.V-spectral and total organic carbon analysis. BC was highly specific for 2-ABS, as other benzene sulfonates tested in this study, including other ABS isomers, were not utilized as growth substrates. 2-ABS removal pattern in the presence of glucose was significantly influenced by acclimation characteristics of the culture. Consortium adapted to 2-ABS/glucose demonstrated the concomitant removal of both substrates, whereas glucose exerted catabolic repression on 2-ABS removal with glucose adapted culture. Presence of chloramphenicol inhibited 2-ABS degradation by cells, pregrown on succinate, indicating that the 2-ABS degrading enzymes are inducible in nature. Thus the presence of 2-ABS is essential for maintaining the high degradation potential. This enrichment culture can find an application in the treatment of 2-ABS containing wastewaters.