Purification and properties of Saccharomyces cerevisiaeS-adenosylmethionine synthetase expressed in recombinant Pichia pastoris
An intracellular S-adenosylmethionine synthetase (SAM-s) was purified from the fermentation broth of Pichia pastoris GS115 by a sequence chromatography column. It was purified to apparent homogeneity by (NH4)2SO4 fractionation (30–60%), anion exchange, hydrophobic interaction, anion exchange and gel filtration chromatography. HPLC showed the purity of purified SAM-s was 91.2%. The enzyme was purified up to 49.5-fold with a final yield of 20.3%. The molecular weight of the homogeneous enzyme was 43.6 KDa, as determined by electro-spray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). Its isoelectric point was approximately 4.7, indicating an acidic character. The optimum pH and temperature for the enzyme reaction were 8.5 and 35 °C, respectively. The enzyme was stable at pH 7.0–9.0 and was easy to inactivate in acid solution (pH ≤ 5.0). The temperature stability was up to 45 °C. Metal ions, such as, Mn2+ and K+ at the concentration of 5 mM had a slight activation effect on the enzyme activity and the Mg2+ activated the enzyme significantly. The enzyme activity was strongly inhibited by heavy metal ions (Cu2+ and Ag2+) and EDTA. The purified enzyme from the transformed Pichia pastoris synthesized S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) from ATP and L-methionine in vitro with a Km of 120 and 330 μM and Vmax of 8.1 and 23.2 μmol/mg/min for L-methionine and ATP, respectively.