Female Pelvic Floor Health: A Developmental Review

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An often neglected but important area of women's health involves the pelvic floor. Pelvic floor health can be reviewed by examining phases of a woman's life. Because pelvic floor health is not readily discussed and few professionals are considered experts in this area, it is often overlooked in women's healthcare. In medicine, care of the pelvic area can become fragmented as it is divided among urologists, gynecologists, and colorectal surgeons.1,2 The specialty of urogynecology combines 2 of the areas, and some physical therapists and nurses choose to specialize in female pelvic floor health. The issues of pelvic floor health are often addressed only after symptoms have presented. However, healthy practices can enhance pelvic floor well-being and maintain quality of life as a woman ages.1 This article is a review of clinical, research, and editorial articles on female pelvic floor issues and a discussion of measures that can contribute to optimal pelvic floor health.

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